Dental Cavities or Caries is an infectious disease caused by acid-forming bacteria found in dental plaque in the presence of sugar.
Caries progression is dependent upon many personal factors like oral hygiene, diet, saliva, fluoride exposure, education, socio-economic status and behavior.
Caries can also be treated non-surgically if detected and diagnosed at early stages.
What are the preventative factors for dental caries:
- Fluoridated water.
- Good oral hygiene.
- Daily flossing.
- Use of fluorides : toothpastes, rinses.
- Good Salivary flow.
- Use of anti-cavity or remineralizing agents.
What are the risk factors for dental caries:
- Frequent intake of fermentable carbohydrates.
- Health history : Autoimmune diseases (eg. Sjogren’s syndrome), hyposalivary medication, radiation therapy, physical disability, eating disorder/GERD.
- High plaque index.
- Crowding of teeth.
- Use of appliances.
- Subnormal salivary flow.